Configurations

This page covers the different ways of configuring your job to write/read Hudi tables. At a high level, you can control behaviour at few levels.

  • Spark Datasource Configs : These configs control the Hudi Spark Datasource, providing ability to define keys/partitioning, pick out the write operation, specify how to merge records or choosing query type to read.
  • WriteClient Configs : Internally, the Hudi datasource uses a RDD based HoodieWriteClient api to actually perform writes to storage. These configs provide deep control over lower level aspects like file sizing, compression, parallelism, compaction, write schema, cleaning etc. Although Hudi provides sane defaults, from time-time these configs may need to be tweaked to optimize for specific workloads.
  • RecordPayload Config : This is the lowest level of customization offered by Hudi. Record payloads define how to produce new values to upsert based on incoming new record and stored old record. Hudi provides default implementations such as OverwriteWithLatestAvroPayload which simply update table with the latest/last-written record. This can be overridden to a custom class extending HoodieRecordPayload class, on both datasource and WriteClient levels.

Spark Datasource Configs

Spark jobs using the datasource can be configured by passing the below options into the option(k,v) method as usual. The actual datasource level configs are listed below.

Write Options

Additionally, you can pass down any of the WriteClient level configs directly using options() or option(k,v) methods.

inputDF.write()
.format("org.apache.hudi")
.options(clientOpts) // any of the Hudi client opts can be passed in as well
.option(DataSourceWriteOptions.RECORDKEY_FIELD_OPT_KEY(), "_row_key")
.option(DataSourceWriteOptions.PARTITIONPATH_FIELD_OPT_KEY(), "partition")
.option(DataSourceWriteOptions.PRECOMBINE_FIELD_OPT_KEY(), "timestamp")
.option(HoodieWriteConfig.TABLE_NAME, tableName)
.mode(SaveMode.Append)
.save(basePath);

Options useful for writing tables via write.format.option(...)

TABLE_NAME_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.write.table.name [Required]
Hive table name, to register the table into.

OPERATION_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.write.operation, Default: upsert
whether to do upsert, insert or bulkinsert for the write operation. Use bulkinsert to load new data into a table, and there on use upsert/insert. bulk insert uses a disk based write path to scale to load large inputs without need to cache it.

TABLE_TYPE_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.write.table.type, Default: COPY_ON_WRITE
The table type for the underlying data, for this write. This can’t change between writes.

PRECOMBINE_FIELD_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.write.precombine.field, Default: ts
Field used in preCombining before actual write. When two records have the same key value, we will pick the one with the largest value for the precombine field, determined by Object.compareTo(..)

PAYLOAD_CLASS_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.write.payload.class, Default: org.apache.hudi.OverwriteWithLatestAvroPayload
Payload class used. Override this, if you like to roll your own merge logic, when upserting/inserting. This will render any value set for PRECOMBINE_FIELD_OPT_VAL in-effective

RECORDKEY_FIELD_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.write.recordkey.field, Default: uuid
Record key field. Value to be used as the recordKey component of HoodieKey. Actual value will be obtained by invoking .toString() on the field value. Nested fields can be specified using the dot notation eg: a.b.c

PARTITIONPATH_FIELD_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.write.partitionpath.field, Default: partitionpath
Partition path field. Value to be used at the partitionPath component of HoodieKey. Actual value ontained by invoking .toString()

HIVE_STYLE_PARTITIONING_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.write.hive_style_partitioning, Default: false
When set to true, partition folder names follow the format of Hive partitions: =</span>

KEYGENERATOR_CLASS_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.write.keygenerator.class, Default: org.apache.hudi.SimpleKeyGenerator
Key generator class, that implements will extract the key out of incoming Row object

COMMIT_METADATA_KEYPREFIX_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.write.commitmeta.key.prefix, Default: _
Option keys beginning with this prefix, are automatically added to the commit/deltacommit metadata. This is useful to store checkpointing information, in a consistent way with the hudi timeline

INSERT_DROP_DUPS_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.write.insert.drop.duplicates, Default: false
If set to true, filters out all duplicate records from incoming dataframe, during insert operations.

HIVE_SYNC_ENABLED_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.hive_sync.enable, Default: false
When set to true, register/sync the table to Apache Hive metastore

HIVE_DATABASE_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.hive_sync.database, Default: default
database to sync to

HIVE_TABLE_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.hive_sync.table, [Required]
table to sync to

HIVE_USER_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.hive_sync.username, Default: hive
hive user name to use

HIVE_PASS_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.hive_sync.password, Default: hive
hive password to use

HIVE_URL_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.hive_sync.jdbcurl, Default: jdbc:hive2://localhost:10000
Hive metastore url

HIVE_PARTITION_FIELDS_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.hive_sync.partition_fields, Default: ` `
field in the table to use for determining hive partition columns.

HIVE_PARTITION_EXTRACTOR_CLASS_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.hive_sync.partition_extractor_class, Default: org.apache.hudi.hive.SlashEncodedDayPartitionValueExtractor
Class used to extract partition field values into hive partition columns.

HIVE_ASSUME_DATE_PARTITION_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.hive_sync.assume_date_partitioning, Default: false
Assume partitioning is yyyy/mm/dd

HIVE_USE_JDBC_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.hive_sync.use_jdbc, Default: true
Use JDBC when hive synchronization is enabled

Read Options

Options useful for reading tables via read.format.option(...)

QUERY_TYPE_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.query.type, Default: snapshot
Whether data needs to be read, in incremental mode (new data since an instantTime) (or) Read Optimized mode (obtain latest view, based on columnar data) (or) Snapshot mode (obtain latest view, based on row & columnar data)

BEGIN_INSTANTTIME_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.read.begin.instanttime, [Required in incremental mode]
Instant time to start incrementally pulling data from. The instanttime here need not necessarily correspond to an instant on the timeline. New data written with an instant_time > BEGIN_INSTANTTIME are fetched out. For e.g: ‘20170901080000’ will get all new data written after Sep 1, 2017 08:00AM.

END_INSTANTTIME_OPT_KEY

Property: hoodie.datasource.read.end.instanttime, Default: latest instant (i.e fetches all new data since begin instant time)
Instant time to limit incrementally fetched data to. New data written with an instant_time <= END_INSTANTTIME are fetched out.

WriteClient Configs

Jobs programming directly against the RDD level apis can build a HoodieWriteConfig object and pass it in to the HoodieWriteClient constructor. HoodieWriteConfig can be built using a builder pattern as below.

HoodieWriteConfig cfg = HoodieWriteConfig.newBuilder()
        .withPath(basePath)
        .forTable(tableName)
        .withSchema(schemaStr)
        .withProps(props) // pass raw k,v pairs from a property file.
        .withCompactionConfig(HoodieCompactionConfig.newBuilder().withXXX(...).build())
        .withIndexConfig(HoodieIndexConfig.newBuilder().withXXX(...).build())
        ...
        .build();

Following subsections go over different aspects of write configs, explaining most important configs with their property names, default values.

withPath(hoodie_base_path)

Property: hoodie.base.path [Required]
Base DFS path under which all the data partitions are created. Always prefix it explicitly with the storage scheme (e.g hdfs://, s3:// etc). Hudi stores all the main meta-data about commits, savepoints, cleaning audit logs etc in .hoodie directory under the base directory.

withSchema(schema_str)

Property: hoodie.avro.schema [Required]
This is the current reader avro schema for the table. This is a string of the entire schema. HoodieWriteClient uses this schema to pass on to implementations of HoodieRecordPayload to convert from the source format to avro record. This is also used when re-writing records during an update.

forTable(table_name)

Property: hoodie.table.name [Required]
Table name that will be used for registering with Hive. Needs to be same across runs.

withBulkInsertParallelism(bulk_insert_parallelism = 1500)

Property: hoodie.bulkinsert.shuffle.parallelism
Bulk insert is meant to be used for large initial imports and this parallelism determines the initial number of files in your table. Tune this to achieve a desired optimal size during initial import.

withUserDefinedBulkInsertPartitionerClass(className = x.y.z.UserDefinedPatitionerClass)

Property: hoodie.bulkinsert.user.defined.partitioner.class
If specified, this class will be used to re-partition input records before they are inserted.

withBulkInsertSortMode(mode = BulkInsertSortMode.GLOBAL_SORT)

Property: hoodie.bulkinsert.sort.mode
Sorting modes to use for sorting records for bulk insert. This is leveraged when user defined partitioner is not configured. Default is GLOBAL_SORT. Available values are - GLOBAL_SORT: this ensures best file sizes, with lowest memory overhead at cost of sorting. PARTITION_SORT: Strikes a balance by only sorting within a partition, still keeping the memory overhead of writing lowest and best effort file sizing. NONE: No sorting. Fastest and matches spark.write.parquet() in terms of number of files, overheads

withParallelism(insert_shuffle_parallelism = 1500, upsert_shuffle_parallelism = 1500)

Property: hoodie.insert.shuffle.parallelism, hoodie.upsert.shuffle.parallelism
Once data has been initially imported, this parallelism controls initial parallelism for reading input records. Ensure this value is high enough say: 1 partition for 1 GB of input data

combineInput(on_insert = false, on_update=true)

Property: hoodie.combine.before.insert, hoodie.combine.before.upsert
Flag which first combines the input RDD and merges multiple partial records into a single record before inserting or updating in DFS

withWriteStatusStorageLevel(level = MEMORY_AND_DISK_SER)

Property: hoodie.write.status.storage.level
HoodieWriteClient.insert and HoodieWriteClient.upsert returns a persisted RDD[WriteStatus], this is because the Client can choose to inspect the WriteStatus and choose and commit or not based on the failures. This is a configuration for the storage level for this RDD

withAutoCommit(autoCommit = true)

Property: hoodie.auto.commit
Should HoodieWriteClient autoCommit after insert and upsert. The client can choose to turn off auto-commit and commit on a “defined success condition”

withAssumeDatePartitioning(assumeDatePartitioning = false)

Property: hoodie.assume.date.partitioning
Should HoodieWriteClient assume the data is partitioned by dates, i.e three levels from base path. This is a stop-gap to support tables created by versions < 0.3.1. Will be removed eventually

withConsistencyCheckEnabled(enabled = false)

Property: hoodie.consistency.check.enabled
Should HoodieWriteClient perform additional checks to ensure written files’ are listable on the underlying filesystem/storage. Set this to true, to workaround S3’s eventual consistency model and ensure all data written as a part of a commit is faithfully available for queries.

withRollbackParallelism(rollbackParallelism = 100)

Property: hoodie.rollback.parallelism
Determines the parallelism for rollback of commits.

withRollbackUsingMarkers(rollbackUsingMarkers = false)

Property: hoodie.rollback.using.markers
Enables a more efficient mechanism for rollbacks based on the marker files generated during the writes. Turned off by default.

withMarkersDeleteParallelism(parallelism = 100)

Property: hoodie.markers.delete.parallelism
Determines the parallelism for deleting marker files.

Index configs

Following configs control indexing behavior, which tags incoming records as either inserts or updates to older records.

withIndexConfig (HoodieIndexConfig)
This is pluggable to have a external index (HBase) or use the default bloom filter stored in the Parquet files

withIndexClass(indexClass = “x.y.z.UserDefinedIndex”)

Property: hoodie.index.class
Full path of user-defined index class and must be a subclass of HoodieIndex class. It will take precedence over the hoodie.index.type configuration if specified

withIndexType(indexType = BLOOM)

Property: hoodie.index.type
Type of index to use. Default is Bloom filter. Possible options are [BLOOM | GLOBAL_BLOOM |SIMPLE | GLOBAL_SIMPLE | INMEMORY | HBASE]. Bloom filters removes the dependency on a external system and is stored in the footer of the Parquet Data Files

Bloom Index configs

bloomFilterNumEntries(numEntries = 60000)

Property: hoodie.index.bloom.num_entries
Only applies if index type is BLOOM.
This is the number of entries to be stored in the bloom filter. We assume the maxParquetFileSize is 128MB and averageRecordSize is 1024B and hence we approx a total of 130K records in a file. The default (60000) is roughly half of this approximation. HUDI-56 tracks computing this dynamically. Warning: Setting this very low, will generate a lot of false positives and index lookup will have to scan a lot more files than it has to and Setting this to a very high number will increase the size every data file linearly (roughly 4KB for every 50000 entries).

bloomFilterFPP(fpp = 0.000000001)

Property: hoodie.index.bloom.fpp
Only applies if index type is BLOOM.
Error rate allowed given the number of entries. This is used to calculate how many bits should be assigned for the bloom filter and the number of hash functions. This is usually set very low (default: 0.000000001), we like to tradeoff disk space for lower false positives

bloomIndexParallelism(0)

Property: hoodie.bloom.index.parallelism
Only applies if index type is BLOOM.
This is the amount of parallelism for index lookup, which involves a Spark Shuffle. By default, this is auto computed based on input workload characteristics

bloomIndexPruneByRanges(pruneRanges = true)

Property: hoodie.bloom.index.prune.by.ranges
Only applies if index type is BLOOM.
When true, range information from files to leveraged speed up index lookups. Particularly helpful, if the key has a monotonously increasing prefix, such as timestamp.

bloomIndexUseCaching(useCaching = true)

Property: hoodie.bloom.index.use.caching
Only applies if index type is BLOOM.
When true, the input RDD will cached to speed up index lookup by reducing IO for computing parallelism or affected partitions

bloomIndexTreebasedFilter(useTreeFilter = true)

Property: hoodie.bloom.index.use.treebased.filter
Only applies if index type is BLOOM.
When true, interval tree based file pruning optimization is enabled. This mode speeds-up file-pruning based on key ranges when compared with the brute-force mode

bloomIndexBucketizedChecking(bucketizedChecking = true)

Property: hoodie.bloom.index.bucketized.checking
Only applies if index type is BLOOM.
When true, bucketized bloom filtering is enabled. This reduces skew seen in sort based bloom index lookup

bloomIndexFilterType(bucketizedChecking = BloomFilterTypeCode.SIMPLE)

Property: hoodie.bloom.index.filter.type
Filter type used. Default is BloomFilterTypeCode.SIMPLE. Available values are [BloomFilterTypeCode.SIMPLE , BloomFilterTypeCode.DYNAMIC_V0]. Dynamic bloom filters auto size themselves based on number of keys

bloomIndexFilterDynamicMaxEntries(maxNumberOfEntries = 100000)

Property: hoodie.bloom.index.filter.dynamic.max.entries
The threshold for the maximum number of keys to record in a dynamic Bloom filter row. Only applies if filter type is BloomFilterTypeCode.DYNAMIC_V0.

bloomIndexKeysPerBucket(keysPerBucket = 10000000)

Property: hoodie.bloom.index.keys.per.bucket
Only applies if bloomIndexBucketizedChecking is enabled and index type is bloom.
This configuration controls the “bucket” size which tracks the number of record-key checks made against a single file and is the unit of work allocated to each partition performing bloom filter lookup. A higher value would amortize the fixed cost of reading a bloom filter to memory.

withBloomIndexInputStorageLevel(level = MEMORY_AND_DISK_SER)

Property: hoodie.bloom.index.input.storage.level
Only applies when #bloomIndexUseCaching is set. Determine what level of persistence is used to cache input RDDs.
Refer to org.apache.spark.storage.StorageLevel for different values

bloomIndexUpdatePartitionPath(updatePartitionPath = false)

Property: hoodie.bloom.index.update.partition.path
Only applies if index type is GLOBAL_BLOOM.
When set to true, an update including the partition path of a record that already exists will result in inserting the incoming record into the new partition and deleting the original record in the old partition. When set to false, the original record will only be updated in the old partition.

HBase Index configs

hbaseZkQuorum(zkString) [Required]

Property: hoodie.index.hbase.zkquorum
Only applies if index type is HBASE. HBase ZK Quorum url to connect to.

hbaseZkPort(port) [Required]

Property: hoodie.index.hbase.zkport
Only applies if index type is HBASE. HBase ZK Quorum port to connect to.

hbaseZkZnodeParent(zkZnodeParent) [Required]

Property: hoodie.index.hbase.zknode.path
Only applies if index type is HBASE. This is the root znode that will contain all the znodes created/used by HBase.

hbaseTableName(tableName) [Required]

Property: hoodie.index.hbase.table
Only applies if index type is HBASE. HBase Table name to use as the index. Hudi stores the row_key and [partition_path, fileID, commitTime] mapping in the table.

Simple Index configs

simpleIndexUseCaching(useCaching = true)

Property: hoodie.simple.index.use.caching
Only applies if index type is SIMPLE.
When true, the input RDD will cached to speed up index lookup by reducing IO for computing parallelism or affected partitions

withSimpleIndexInputStorageLevel(level = MEMORY_AND_DISK_SER)

Property: hoodie.simple.index.input.storage.level
Only applies when #simpleIndexUseCaching is set. Determine what level of persistence is used to cache input RDDs.
Refer to org.apache.spark.storage.StorageLevel for different values

withSimpleIndexParallelism(parallelism = 50)

Property: hoodie.simple.index.parallelism
Only applies if index type is SIMPLE.
This is the amount of parallelism for index lookup, which involves a Spark Shuffle.

withGlobalSimpleIndexParallelism(parallelism = 100)

Property: hoodie.global.simple.index.parallelism
Only applies if index type is GLOBAL_SIMPLE.
This is the amount of parallelism for index lookup, which involves a Spark Shuffle.

Storage configs

Controls aspects around sizing parquet and log files.

withStorageConfig (HoodieStorageConfig)

limitFileSize (size = 120MB)

Property: hoodie.parquet.max.file.size
Target size for parquet files produced by Hudi write phases. For DFS, this needs to be aligned with the underlying filesystem block size for optimal performance.

parquetBlockSize(rowgroupsize = 120MB)

Property: hoodie.parquet.block.size
Parquet RowGroup size. Its better this is same as the file size, so that a single column within a file is stored continuously on disk

parquetPageSize(pagesize = 1MB)

Property: hoodie.parquet.page.size
Parquet page size. Page is the unit of read within a parquet file. Within a block, pages are compressed seperately.

parquetCompressionRatio(parquetCompressionRatio = 0.1)

Property: hoodie.parquet.compression.ratio
Expected compression of parquet data used by Hudi, when it tries to size new parquet files. Increase this value, if bulk_insert is producing smaller than expected sized files

parquetCompressionCodec(parquetCompressionCodec = gzip)

Property: hoodie.parquet.compression.codec
Parquet compression codec name. Default is gzip. Possible options are [gzip | snappy | uncompressed | lzo]

logFileMaxSize(logFileSize = 1GB)

Property: hoodie.logfile.max.size
LogFile max size. This is the maximum size allowed for a log file before it is rolled over to the next version.

logFileDataBlockMaxSize(dataBlockSize = 256MB)

Property: hoodie.logfile.data.block.max.size
LogFile Data block max size. This is the maximum size allowed for a single data block to be appended to a log file. This helps to make sure the data appended to the log file is broken up into sizable blocks to prevent from OOM errors. This size should be greater than the JVM memory.

logFileToParquetCompressionRatio(logFileToParquetCompressionRatio = 0.35)

Property: hoodie.logfile.to.parquet.compression.ratio
Expected additional compression as records move from log files to parquet. Used for merge_on_read table to send inserts into log files & control the size of compacted parquet file.

parquetCompressionCodec(parquetCompressionCodec = gzip)

Property: hoodie.parquet.compression.codec
Compression Codec for parquet files

Compaction configs

Configs that control compaction (merging of log files onto a new parquet base file), cleaning (reclamation of older/unused file groups). withCompactionConfig (HoodieCompactionConfig)

withCleanerPolicy(policy = KEEP_LATEST_COMMITS)

Property: hoodie.cleaner.policy
Cleaning policy to be used. Hudi will delete older versions of parquet files to re-claim space. Any Query/Computation referring to this version of the file will fail. It is good to make sure that the data is retained for more than the maximum query execution time.

retainCommits(no_of_commits_to_retain = 24)

Property: hoodie.cleaner.commits.retained
Number of commits to retain. So data will be retained for num_of_commits * time_between_commits (scheduled). This also directly translates into how much you can incrementally pull on this table

withAutoClean(autoClean = true)

Property: hoodie.clean.automatic
Should cleanup if there is anything to cleanup immediately after the commit

withAsyncClean(asyncClean = false)

Property: hoodie.clean.async
Only applies when #withAutoClean is turned on. When turned on runs cleaner async with writing.

archiveCommitsWith(minCommits = 96, maxCommits = 128)

Property: hoodie.keep.min.commits, hoodie.keep.max.commits
Each commit is a small file in the .hoodie directory. Since DFS typically does not favor lots of small files, Hudi archives older commits into a sequential log. A commit is published atomically by a rename of the commit file.

withCommitsArchivalBatchSize(batch = 10)

Property: hoodie.commits.archival.batch
This controls the number of commit instants read in memory as a batch and archived together.

compactionSmallFileSize(size = 100MB)

Property: hoodie.parquet.small.file.limit
This should be less < maxFileSize and setting it to 0, turns off this feature. Small files can always happen because of the number of insert records in a partition in a batch. Hudi has an option to auto-resolve small files by masking inserts into this partition as updates to existing small files. The size here is the minimum file size considered as a “small file size”.

insertSplitSize(size = 500000)

Property: hoodie.copyonwrite.insert.split.size
Insert Write Parallelism. Number of inserts grouped for a single partition. Writing out 100MB files, with atleast 1kb records, means 100K records per file. Default is to overprovision to 500K. To improve insert latency, tune this to match the number of records in a single file. Setting this to a low number, will result in small files (particularly when compactionSmallFileSize is 0)

autoTuneInsertSplits(true)

Property: hoodie.copyonwrite.insert.auto.split
Should hudi dynamically compute the insertSplitSize based on the last 24 commit’s metadata. Turned on by default.

approxRecordSize(size = 1024)

Property: hoodie.copyonwrite.record.size.estimate
The average record size. If specified, hudi will use this and not compute dynamically based on the last 24 commit’s metadata. No value set as default. This is critical in computing the insert parallelism and bin-packing inserts into small files. See above.

withInlineCompaction(inlineCompaction = false)

Property: hoodie.compact.inline
When set to true, compaction is triggered by the ingestion itself, right after a commit/deltacommit action as part of insert/upsert/bulk_insert

withMaxNumDeltaCommitsBeforeCompaction(maxNumDeltaCommitsBeforeCompaction = 10)

Property: hoodie.compact.inline.max.delta.commits
Number of max delta commits to keep before triggering an inline compaction

withCompactionLazyBlockReadEnabled(true)

Property: hoodie.compaction.lazy.block.read
When a CompactedLogScanner merges all log files, this config helps to choose whether the logblocks should be read lazily or not. Choose true to use I/O intensive lazy block reading (low memory usage) or false for Memory intensive immediate block read (high memory usage)

withCompactionReverseLogReadEnabled(false)

Property: hoodie.compaction.reverse.log.read
HoodieLogFormatReader reads a logfile in the forward direction starting from pos=0 to pos=file_length. If this config is set to true, the Reader reads the logfile in reverse direction, from pos=file_length to pos=0

withCleanerParallelism(cleanerParallelism = 200)

Property: hoodie.cleaner.parallelism
Increase this if cleaning becomes slow.

withCompactionStrategy(compactionStrategy = org.apache.hudi.io.compact.strategy.LogFileSizeBasedCompactionStrategy)

Property: hoodie.compaction.strategy
Compaction strategy decides which file groups are picked up for compaction during each compaction run. By default. Hudi picks the log file with most accumulated unmerged data

withTargetIOPerCompactionInMB(targetIOPerCompactionInMB = 500000)

Property: hoodie.compaction.target.io
Amount of MBs to spend during compaction run for the LogFileSizeBasedCompactionStrategy. This value helps bound ingestion latency while compaction is run inline mode.

withTargetPartitionsPerDayBasedCompaction(targetPartitionsPerCompaction = 10)

Property: hoodie.compaction.daybased.target
Used by org.apache.hudi.io.compact.strategy.DayBasedCompactionStrategy to denote the number of latest partitions to compact during a compaction run.

withPayloadClass(payloadClassName = org.apache.hudi.common.model.HoodieAvroPayload)

Property: hoodie.compaction.payload.class
This needs to be same as class used during insert/upserts. Just like writing, compaction also uses the record payload class to merge records in the log against each other, merge again with the base file and produce the final record to be written after compaction.

Metrics configs

Enables reporting on Hudi metrics. withMetricsConfig (HoodieMetricsConfig)
Hudi publishes metrics on every commit, clean, rollback etc. The following sections list the supported reporters.

GRAPHITE

on(metricsOn = false)

hoodie.metrics.on
Turn on/off metrics reporting. off by default.

withReporterType(reporterType = GRAPHITE)

Property: hoodie.metrics.reporter.type
Type of metrics reporter.

toGraphiteHost(host = localhost)

Property: hoodie.metrics.graphite.host
Graphite host to connect to

onGraphitePort(port = 4756)

Property: hoodie.metrics.graphite.port
Graphite port to connect to

usePrefix(prefix = “”)

Property: hoodie.metrics.graphite.metric.prefix
Standard prefix applied to all metrics. This helps to add datacenter, environment information for e.g

JMX

on(metricsOn = false)

hoodie.metrics.on
Turn on/off metrics reporting. off by default.

withReporterType(reporterType = JMX)

Property: hoodie.metrics.reporter.type
Type of metrics reporter.

toJmxHost(host = localhost)

Property: hoodie.metrics.jmx.host
Jmx host to connect to

onJmxPort(port = 1000-5000)

Property: hoodie.metrics.jmx.port
Jmx port to connect to

DATADOG

on(metricsOn = false)

hoodie.metrics.on
Turn on/off metrics reporting. off by default.

withReporterType(reporterType = DATADOG)

Property: hoodie.metrics.reporter.type
Type of metrics reporter.

withDatadogReportPeriodSeconds(period = 30)

Property: hoodie.metrics.datadog.report.period.seconds
Datadog report period in seconds. Default to 30.

withDatadogApiSite(apiSite)

Property: hoodie.metrics.datadog.api.site
Datadog API site: EU or US

withDatadogApiKey(apiKey)

Property: hoodie.metrics.datadog.api.key
Datadog API key

withDatadogApiKeySkipValidation(skip = false)

Property: hoodie.metrics.datadog.api.key.skip.validation
Before sending metrics via Datadog API, whether to skip validating Datadog API key or not. Default to false.

withDatadogApiKeySupplier(apiKeySupplier)

Property: hoodie.metrics.datadog.api.key.supplier
Datadog API key supplier to supply the API key at runtime. This will take effect if hoodie.metrics.datadog.api.key is not set.

withDatadogApiTimeoutSeconds(timeout = 3)

Property: hoodie.metrics.datadog.metric.prefix
Datadog API timeout in seconds. Default to 3.

withDatadogPrefix(prefix)

Property: hoodie.metrics.datadog.metric.prefix
Datadog metric prefix to be prepended to each metric name with a dot as delimiter. For example, if it is set to foo, foo. will be prepended.

withDatadogHost(host)

Property: hoodie.metrics.datadog.metric.host
Datadog metric host to be sent along with metrics data.

withDatadogTags(tags)

Property: hoodie.metrics.datadog.metric.tags
Datadog metric tags (comma-delimited) to be sent along with metrics data.

USER DEFINED REPORTER

on(metricsOn = false)

hoodie.metrics.on
Turn on/off metrics reporting. off by default.

withReporterClass(className = “”)

Property: hoodie.metrics.reporter.class
User-defined class used to report metrics, must be a subclass of AbstractUserDefinedMetricsReporter.

Memory configs

Controls memory usage for compaction and merges, performed internally by Hudi withMemoryConfig (HoodieMemoryConfig)
Memory related configs

withMaxMemoryFractionPerPartitionMerge(maxMemoryFractionPerPartitionMerge = 0.6)

Property: hoodie.memory.merge.fraction
This fraction is multiplied with the user memory fraction (1 - spark.memory.fraction) to get a final fraction of heap space to use during merge

withMaxMemorySizePerCompactionInBytes(maxMemorySizePerCompactionInBytes = 1GB)

Property: hoodie.memory.compaction.fraction
HoodieCompactedLogScanner reads logblocks, converts records to HoodieRecords and then merges these log blocks and records. At any point, the number of entries in a log block can be less than or equal to the number of entries in the corresponding parquet file. This can lead to OOM in the Scanner. Hence, a spillable map helps alleviate the memory pressure. Use this config to set the max allowable inMemory footprint of the spillable map.

withWriteStatusFailureFraction(failureFraction = 0.1)

Property: hoodie.memory.writestatus.failure.fraction
This property controls what fraction of the failed record, exceptions we report back to driver

Write commit callback configs

Controls callback behavior on write commit. Exception will be thrown if user enabled the callback service and errors occurred during the process of callback. Currently support HTTP, Kafka type. withCallbackConfig (HoodieWriteCommitCallbackConfig)
Callback related configs

writeCommitCallbackOn(callbackOn = false)

Property: hoodie.write.commit.callback.on
Turn callback on/off. off by default.

withCallbackClass(callbackClass)

Property: hoodie.write.commit.callback.class
Full path of callback class and must be a subclass of HoodieWriteCommitCallback class, org.apache.hudi.callback.impl.HoodieWriteCommitHttpCallback by default

HTTP CALLBACK

Callback via HTTP, User does not need to specify this way explicitly, it is the default type.

withCallbackHttpUrl(url)

Property: hoodie.write.commit.callback.http.url
Callback host to be sent along with callback messages

withCallbackHttpTimeoutSeconds(timeoutSeconds = 3)

Property: hoodie.write.commit.callback.http.timeout.seconds
Callback timeout in seconds. 3 by default

withCallbackHttpApiKey(apiKey)

Property: hoodie.write.commit.callback.http.api.key
Http callback API key. hudi_write_commit_http_callback by default

KAFKA CALLBACK

To use kafka callback, User should set hoodie.write.commit.callback.class = org.apache.hudi.utilities.callback.kafka.HoodieWriteCommitKafkaCallback

CALLBACK_KAFKA_BOOTSTRAP_SERVERS

Property: hoodie.write.commit.callback.kafka.bootstrap.servers
Bootstrap servers of kafka callback cluster

CALLBACK_KAFKA_TOPIC

Property: hoodie.write.commit.callback.kafka.topic
Kafka topic to be sent along with callback messages

CALLBACK_KAFKA_PARTITION

Property: hoodie.write.commit.callback.kafka.partition
partition of CALLBACK_KAFKA_TOPIC, 0 by default

CALLBACK_KAFKA_ACKS

Property: hoodie.write.commit.callback.kafka.acks
kafka acks level, all by default

CALLBACK_KAFKA_RETRIES

Property: hoodie.write.commit.callback.kafka.retries
Times to retry. 3 by default

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