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Version: 0.11.0

SQL DDL

The following are SparkSQL table management actions available:

Spark Create Table

note

Only SparkSQL needs an explicit Create Table command. No Create Table command is required in Spark when using Scala or Python. The first batch of a Write to a table will create the table if it does not exist.

Options

Users can set table options while creating a hudi table.

Parameter NameDescription(Optional/Required) : Default Value
primaryKeyThe primary key names of the table, multiple fields separated by commas.(Optional) : id
typeThe type of table to create (read more).
cow = COPY-ON-WRITE, mor = MERGE-ON-READ.
(Optional) : cow
preCombineFieldThe Pre-Combine field of the table.(Optional) : ts

To set any custom hudi config(like index type, max parquet size, etc), see the "Set hudi config section" .

Table Type

Here is an example of creating a COW table.

-- create a non-primary key table
create table if not exists hudi_table2(
id int,
name string,
price double
) using hudi
options (
type = 'cow'
);

Primary Key

Here is an example of creating COW table with a primary key 'id'.

-- create a managed cow table
create table if not exists hudi_table0 (
id int,
name string,
price double
) using hudi
options (
type = 'cow',
primaryKey = 'id'
);

PreCombineField

Here is an example of creating an MOR external table. The preCombineField option is used to specify the preCombine field for merge.

-- create an external mor table
create table if not exists hudi_table1 (
id int,
name string,
price double,
ts bigint
) using hudi
options (
type = 'mor',
primaryKey = 'id,name',
preCombineField = 'ts'
);

Partitioned Table

Here is an example of creating a COW partitioned table.

create table if not exists hudi_table_p0 (
id bigint,
name string,
dt string,
hh string
) using hudi
options (
type = 'cow',
primaryKey = 'id',
preCombineField = 'ts'
)
partitioned by (dt, hh);

Create Table for an External Hudi Table

You can create an External table using the location statement. If an external location is not specified it is considered a managed table. You can read more about external vs managed tables here. An external table is useful if you need to read/write to/from a pre-existing hudi table.

 create table h_p1 using hudi
location '/path/to/hudi';

Create Table AS SELECT

Hudi supports CTAS(Create table as select) on spark sql.
Note: For better performance to load data to hudi table, CTAS uses bulk insert as the write operation.

Example CTAS command to create a non-partitioned COW table.

create table h3 using hudi
as
select 1 as id, 'a1' as name, 10 as price;

Example CTAS command to create a partitioned, primary key COW table.

create table h2 using hudi
options (type = 'cow', primaryKey = 'id')
partitioned by (dt)
as
select 1 as id, 'a1' as name, 10 as price, 1000 as dt;

Example CTAS command to load data from another table.

# create managed parquet table 
create table parquet_mngd using parquet location 'file:///tmp/parquet_dataset/*.parquet';

# CTAS by loading data into hudi table
create table hudi_tbl using hudi location 'file:/tmp/hudi/hudi_tbl/' options (
type = 'cow',
primaryKey = 'id',
preCombineField = 'ts'
)
partitioned by (datestr) as select * from parquet_mngd;

Set hoodie config options

You can also set the config with table options when creating table which will work for the table scope only and override the config set by the SET command.

create table if not exists h3(
id bigint,
name string,
price double
) using hudi
options (
primaryKey = 'id',
type = 'mor',
${hoodie.config.key1} = '${hoodie.config.value2}',
${hoodie.config.key2} = '${hoodie.config.value2}',
....
);

e.g.
create table if not exists h3(
id bigint,
name string,
price double
) using hudi
options (
primaryKey = 'id',
type = 'mor',
hoodie.cleaner.fileversions.retained = '20',
hoodie.keep.max.commits = '20'
);

Spark Alter Table

Syntax

-- Alter table name
ALTER TABLE oldTableName RENAME TO newTableName

-- Alter table add columns
ALTER TABLE tableIdentifier ADD COLUMNS(colAndType (,colAndType)*)

-- Alter table column type
ALTER TABLE tableIdentifier CHANGE COLUMN colName colName colType

Examples

alter table h0 rename to h0_1;

alter table h0_1 add columns(ext0 string);

alter table h0_1 change column id id bigint;

Alter hoodie config options

You can also alter the write config for a table by the ALTER SERDEPROPERTIES

Example:

 alter table h3 set serdeproperties (hoodie.keep.max.commits = '10') 

Use set command

You can use the set command to set any custom hudi's config, which will work for the whole spark session scope.

set hoodie.insert.shuffle.parallelism = 100;
set hoodie.upsert.shuffle.parallelism = 100;
set hoodie.delete.shuffle.parallelism = 100;

Create Table

The following is a Flink example to create a table. Read the Flink Quick Start guide for more examples.

CREATE TABLE hudi_table2(
id int,
name string,
price double
)
WITH (
'connector' = 'hudi',
'path' = 's3://bucket-name/hudi/',
'table.type' = 'MERGE_ON_READ' -- this creates a MERGE_ON_READ table, by default is COPY_ON_WRITE
);

Alter Table

alter table h0 rename to h0_1;

Supported Types

SparkHudiNotes
booleanboolean
byteint
shortint
integerint
longlong
datedate
timestamptimestamp
floatfloat
doubledouble
stringstring
decimaldecimal
binarybytes
arrayarray
mapmap
structstruct
charnot supported
varcharnot supported
numericnot supported
nullnot supported
objectnot supported